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Whitworth Masters at Darley Dale – The Rob Hall Show

The Whitworth Masters (20th and 21st of September 2014) was won by Rob Hall in imperious fashion with an average of over 50 in a one sided final.


Rob receives his trophy, pictured are finalist Mark Graham, tournament director Clive Scott and officials.

Full results are Here


The EABA’s very own Billiards ace Chris Taylor has again showed what an accomplished cueman he is, winning the Eastern Counties singles title for the third time in four years against another EABA stalwart Phil Mumford.

Chris started well with visits of 86 and 82 Phil Mumford his opponent in the final could only muster a reply of 51 and looked at little at sea, Yalie chipped in with 61 but Chris raced round the table for a 71 unfinished. The final scores being Chris Taylor 331 and Phil Mumford 198.

The Bostonian was also part of the team which retained the Eastern Counties League, along with fellow Lincolnshire competitors Bem French and Rob Hall.

Taylor has had a very successful season, reaching eight competition finals and his world ranking sees him rated seventh.

His next outing is in Leeds from July 19-20, here he will again be battling it out with Phil Mumford for the CIU National billiards title and combined snooker and billiards titles.


Had a great day at the  Short Format held in The Atack Club ,Nuneaton.

Left on Sunday morming at 6.0am an got back home on Monday morning 12 .45 am,

We watched a final to be remembered between Rob  Hall & Chis Taylor, Rob won the first game to 62 and then went on to win the second to 77, A big mistake to think that Chris was finished because he hit Rob with71 break to tmake it 2–1 and then nip and tuck clinched the fourth game  2–2.

Final game of the final  Chris kicks off with a 59 but came back & won the final with a 71.

The early rounds had some great games as well with Eddie Fielding beating the Grand Masters Champ 3–2 and to go into the semi’s only to be beaten by the ever improving Steve Bradshaw.

Rob Hall beat Dave Nichols & Chris Taylor beat Steve Bradshaw in the semi’s

Chris Mitchell won the very strongly contested Plate beating Tony Clegg in the final.

A big thank you to the Atack Club  for all their support.


Click Here




Rankings Updated 

The Rankings after all 6 ABC events have now been updated. This put’s Rob Hall back in the lead with a small 15 point lead over Darren Kell. It looks like its going to be down to the results from the English Amateur to decide on our winner for this year with both players still in the Amateur last 16.


The Grand Masters

Atack Club.   Nuneaton

2nd March 2014  10–10.30 am

The Last Sixteen  Qualifiers for the Grand Masters

Charlie Gay–Brian Harvey–Terry Azor–Trevor Thorn–Peter Shelley–Eddie Fielding

Steve Crosland–Terry Ward–Tony Clegg–Bob Patterson–Jim Mc Cann

Jack Headley–Ron Agnew–Arthur Winn–Bem French–Jamie Wayman.

Best of luck to all.


Steve Crosland   Beat  Bob Patterson  278—149

Jack Headley      Beat Mick Johnson   242—182

Peter Shelley      Beat  Jamie Wayman 272–241

Tony Clegg         Beat  Jim Mc Cann      232—201


J.Headley          Beat   S. Crosland    269–216

P. Shelley          Beat  T. Clegg            303–159


Peter Shelley    Beats  Jack Headley     426—290

Congratulations to Peter on a very fine effort

High Break was Steve Crosland    145

Thanks to the Atack Club  for a great day.


The rankings have now been updated with the latest ABC results and at this stage its close at the top with Darren Kell Leading Rob Hall by 10 points. There is now a bit of a gap between the chasing pack with Phil Mumford in third and Eddie Duggan in joint 4th with Chris Mitchell. Click Here

Well done to Darren Kell on winning the latest ABC, in a fairly close match. Well done to Steve Crosland who struck good form in defeating Rob Hall on his way to the final. In the plate steady Eddie Duggan defeated Chris Taylor and seems to be our plate specialist at the moment.

There is a small video of the plate final in our video section the quality is not great but worth a watch.

The Fifth ABC results are now available Here

The draw for the next rounds of the English Amateur have now been done they are as follows:

EABA – English Amateur Championship  2013/2014 – Regional Draw – Drawn 7.1.14

Matches to be played Sun 2nd Feb 2014 at venues listed below

South  – Marchwood

Group A                                               Group B

M Goodwill                                       T Azor

J Hedley  (withdrawn)

B.Harvey  (best loser)                  J Mullane

S Brookshaw                                     G Lingard(Withdrawn)

C.Coumbe (Best loser)

J Goodwin                                          C Mitchell


East – Cambridge


Group A                                             Group B

P Welham                                          M White

M Hill                                                 M Sutton

P Mumford                                        A Winn

L Hare                                                R Barrett


North – Bradford

Group A             Group B                     Group C                     Group D

M Graham         M Hatton                  J Bagley                      D Kell

P Shelley            R Hall                         M Peaker                   E Fielding

A Clegg                A Clark                      G Brassington           C Taylor

T Ward               B Bousfield                J McCann                  E Duggan


Congratulations to all qualifiers and the best of luck for the next round

Qualifiers from each group to go through to next round played at

The North East Derbyshire Club – Clay Cross – Derbyshire

on Sat/Sun 22nd/23rd Feb 2014

Present at the draw:   J McCann   S Crosland   T Godolphin   C Lewis   D Townend   C Scott   D Rees

The last eight  players in this years Amateur Championships again put up some wonderful performances to try and get to the coverted possition of the semi’s for the Darley Dale venue.

Phil Weham and Chris Taylor had a ding dong battle with Chris in front for most of the game until Phil went 101 in front  with Chris coming back at him and on 100 had a cover that put an end to his break and the game whith Phil getting another  shot to win by 5.

In the second bout we saw Martin Goodwill had a break of 172  in the second session to go ahead of Rob Hall in what was a very close game but Rob came back and just before the bell had a 95 to clinch the game.

The third  saw John Mullane and Chris Mitchell in battle but Chris had no answer to Johns  8  breaks in the first session and a further 6 breaks in the next.

The last of our fighting duo games saw Phil Mumford defeat Matt Sutton in what was  a very  tactful game  with both players making 100+ breaks but with Phil coming out on top.

A big thank you to the Clay Cross Club for some lovelly tables and some great food.

The Draw for the semi’s was , made by Paul Wood a great supporter of Billiards

John Mullane  to play  Rob Hall

Phil Mumford  to play Phil Welham.


Rob Hall

Congratulations go to Rob this week ,A massive breakthrough in a league match  he scored a 261–a 498–and a 241 unfinished .

3 visits incredible 200 up league Rob is -800

Well done.

The rankings have now been updated with the latest ABC results and at this stage its close at the top with Rob Hall and Darren Kell leading the way on 90 points. Eddie Duggan is currently having a great run and is in 7th place.

The End of year members draw took place at the last ABC at Nuneaton the Winners were as follows:

1st. prize £150    Exeter & District Billiards & Snooker League
2nd. prize £100   Avril Cooper
3rd.  prize £50     John Richmond
Congratulations and thanks for all your support.

ENGLISH AMATEUR         REGIONALS The Draw for the English Amateur has been made with some very interesting groups. North East/Teeside————–LEEDS Group 1. B.Bousfield–M.Graham–R.Patterson.C.Lewis. Group 2. A.Clegg–J.Bagley–D.Rees–B.Hoole Group 3. D.Peaker–A.Clarke–J.Mc Cann–R.Lodge Group4. S.Kershaw–T.Ward–S.Crosland–M.Hatton Group5 .T.Godolphin–J.Marwood–D.Kell–M.Peaker QUALIFIERS     B.Bousfield–M.Graham–J.Bagley–A.Clegg–J.Mc Cann–A.Clarke M.Hatton–T.Ward–D.Kell–M.Peaker South East—————Cambridge Group1. L.O’Hare–D.Smith–M.Sutton–B.Rix. Group2. M.Hill–J.Wayman–A.Winn–J.Easter Group3. R.Hall–C.Taylor–C.Cator–M.Lyon Group4. J.Hoad–P.Mumford–K.Pond–B.French Group5. D.Bentinck–P.Welham–G.Towers–M.White QUALIFIERS  M.Sutton–L.Hare–A.Winn–M.Hill–R.Hall–C.Taylor– P.Mumford–P.Welham–M.White South ——————–Marchwood Group1. T.Azor–M.lott–R.Barrett–A.Dadswell Group2. C.Ayres–B.Harvey–M.Thatcher–J.Goodwin Group3. S.Roberts–J.Mullane–J.Headley–T.Thorn QUALIFIERS   R.Barrett.–T.Azor–J.Goodwin–J.Mullane–J.Headley South West—————–Plymouth Group1. C.Coombe–G.Lingard–S.Brookshaw–D.Walker Group2. C.Mitchell–B.Andress–P.Davies–M.Goodwill QUALIFIERS    S.Brookshaw–G.Lingard–C.Mitchell–M.Goodwill North West—————Chester Group1. P.Shelley—N.Routledge–E.Duggan–S.Bradshaw Group2. G.Brassington–A.Cooke–C.Everton–E.Fielding QUALIFIERS   E.Fielding–G.Brassington–P.Shelley–E.Duggan ——————————————————————— GRAND MASTERS    REGIONALS Sunday 1st December 2013 The Draw for the Grand masters and Qualifiers North East                     ————– Group1. D.Peaker—-S.Kershaw–S.Crosland–R.Lodge Group2. T.Ward—P.Devitt—J.Mc Cann—J.Mc Keakran Group3. C.Lewis–R.Patterson—B.Hoole Group4. A.Clegg–T.Godolphin–D.Rees–R.Simms Qual–Steve Crosland—Terry Ward—-Bob Patterson–Tony Clegg Best loser Jim Mc Cann. North West  ————————Chester Group1. F.Bradley–J.Smith–P.Shelley–E.Duggan Group2. C.Everton—E.Fielding–N.Routledge–D.Marr Qual–Peter Shelley—(Norman Routledge unable to attend) Eddie Fielding Best Loser South East—————————Cambridge Group1. .Ayres–P.Johnson–J.Headley–J.Wayman Group2. R.Agnew–M.Hill–T.Maynard Group3. D.Bentinck–M.Johnston–A.Winn–D.Smith Group4. A.Elvin–B.French–B.Rix–A.Cheetham Qual—Jack Headley–Ron Agnew–Arthur Winn–Bem French. Best Loser Jamie Wayman. South West————————Plymouth Group1. C.Gay–C.Mitchell—B.Andress Group2. G.Lingard—-B.Harvey—-D.Walker Qual–Charlie Gay—Brian Harvey. South——————————Marchwood Group1. M.Thatcher—T.Azor–R.Barrett Group2. T.Thorn–J.Hoad–G.Jones Qual–Terry Azor–Trevor Thorn. ——————————————-

Mike Billinge

As we all know Mike Billinge Died last week after a long illness,He will be a great loss to the game of Billiards as he stood out as one of our finest Referees, always willing to help us lesser reff’s out when required, He showed me once the house that he was born in in Darley Dale,Seems fitting that a Master should be brought up near the home of The Masters eh? A funeral service will be held at Chudleigh Church, Chudleigh ,Devon( TQ130HX ) at 12 noon ,Thursday 15th August 2013 . Tom H


The Billiard Monthly : October, 1912
A Journal of Interest and Value to Amateur Billiard Players
No. 24, October, 1912 Price 1/6 per annum to any part of the world. Single Copies 1d



Who was 15 in March last and has made breaks of 400.

T. Reece in Colombo

tomReece (2)

A Whole-Hearted Claim for Billiards

They take their billiards seriously in Canada. They make
almost a crusade of the business. Missionaries of the game
are militant and go armed to the teeth with arguments to
meet the ranks of Tuscany. But the thread of their verbosity
is sometimes drawn finer than the staple of their
argument, and Tuscany stands a good chance of being
occasionally bored.

Yet there is a lot of unconscious humour in the activities
of those enthusiasts. They have picked up the alms-basket
of words about billiards. The broken meat of the game is
again put to use; and “facts” about its origin, which every
historian who knows his subject has abandoned years ago,
are ladled out for public consumption with a lavish hand by
the native writers. For instance, in a book, “The Game
of Billiards,” published in Toronto, that delightful and
familiar wheeze about our old friend Cathire (or Cathaoir)
More, the Irish king who lived and died in the first half of
the second century, and of whom it is alleged that he
bequeathed fifty billiard balls of brass, and pools and cues
of the same material, is given special prominence as “conclusive
evidence” that the game of billiards was known
prior to 148 A.D.!

But the richest humour lies in other sections of this publication.
It appears that billiards has become universally
esteemed for its “wonderful sanitary advantages.” There
are other reasons, of course, but “above all, for its wonderful
sanitary advantages.” The sanitation committees of
our municipal and other local authorities should have their
special attention drawn to this argument. Billiard table
manufacturers please note.

It is an old argument in favour of billiards that the exercise
necessarily associated with the game contributes to
health, but never, surely, has this argument been stated
with such charming frankness and artless sincerity. “Hypochondriacs
and persons suffering with bilious and even pulmonary
disorders have gradually recovered from their maladies
by indulging in the game, where private tables afforded
them the opportunity.” “Billiards for Biliousness” might
be a very attractive heading for the advertisements of a
go-ahead firm. “Billiard Balls for Bilious People” might
result in as substantial profits as have been earned through
a similar advertisement which recommends a certain well known
pill. Why not?

Another illustration is given showing how billiards may
cure yellow jaundice. For proof of the cure of liver complaints
by billiards the reader is referred to more than one
specific case. And instances are related on every other page
of the cure of consumption by the same treatment. Why
should England wait? What we want is not a Consumption
Crusade, but a Billiard Crusade. Another B.C.C. as a
matter of fact—Billiards Consumption Crusade—to act as
auxiliary to the National Health Committee. References
may be had from Canada (if not available at home) where,
according to the publication under review, diseases of all
kinds which have become almost chronic have been driven
from the human system by billiards.

The gentleman who is responsible for the production of
this book is rather behind the times in one important matter,
by the way. In clinching an argument he takes occasion
to say “The billiard room, as with the nursery, is an indispensable
portion of an Englishman’s home, when he can
afford it.” A study of our vital statistics would have warned
him of the danger of using an Englishman’s “indispensable
nursery” as a clincher.

But we get nearer to him when he advocates the game
on moral grounds. There is no doubt about his attitude

“The great feature which most likely will eventually
lead to the general adoption of billiards as the game for
home—the game to be introduced into private houses and
shared with the families of all who are wealthy enough to
afford the luxury—is this: That it will admit of being
enjoyed in common by both the male and female members
of the family circle. Neither sex can enjoy an amusement
so rationally or innocently when alone, for in company
they exert a happy influence on each other, and
more than one-half of the vices and follies which affect
society result from the separation of the sexes in the pursuit
of their different amusements. These giant plague
spots of society, as at present constituted, gambling and
intemperance, seldom dare to show their features in the
drawing-room, while they often obtrude their unwelcome
presence into places from which ladies are excluded.”

Nobody can mistake his meaning anyway. And he goes
on to draw pretty pictures of the future—

“..of happy and
healthy wives and children, more affectionate and fond of
home, with fathers sleeping more soundly at night, and all
the world cleaner and sweeter for the adoption of billiards
as the pastime of man. The billiard cue is to be the salvation
of the race. Happiness hangs on a fifty up—but it
must be played on a private table. You cannot buy peace,
comfort, love, friendship, and all the other desirable things
by playing on a public table; you must first buy your own
table, and trade your canons and your hazards for happiness
on it. The unsophisticated Canadian! He smiled, as he
wrote private table—”with a smile that was childlike, and


Jottings of the Month

  • Stevenson reached Southampton on the Kinfauns Castle on
    Saturday, Sept. 28, and is now in London. Diggle is back,
    and Inman and Reece follow at the end of October and Harverson
    in November.
  • Of the principal matches that have been played between
    Stevenson and Gray in South Africa, Stevenson won at Durban
    and Kimberley and Gray at Johannesburg, Pretoria, and
    Cape Town.
  • Stevenson was accompanied home by his wife and Gray’s
    father, but George Gray left the boat at Madeira, and, after
    a visit to some continental cities, will rejoin the party at
    Port Said when the proposed trip to India is presently made.
  • Miss Ruby Roberts, who received 4,000 in 8,000 up in a
    week’s play with W. Cook at Leicester Square, won the
    match by 8,000 to 7,785. In the course of the week
    although Miss Roberts did not quite succeed in making a
    one hundred break, she was very near it with a 97 and an
    87, and was in the seventies several times.
  • John Roberts and T. Newman arrived back in this country
    from Montreal by the Laurentic, which reached Liverpool
    on September 22. The return from the intended tour was,
    as all readers of The Billiard Monthly will sincerely regret
    to hear, necessitated by the ill-health of John Roberts, who,
    whilst in Canada, had several heart attacks, notwithstanding
    which he fulfilled the programme of his engagements in that
    country with indomitable pluck, and in Vancouver made a
    break of 378. In all, Roberts and Newman played twenty
    games in Canada, Newman receiving one-tenth of the game
    and honours were equally divided. Newman made a 271.
    The towns visited were Quebec, Ottawa, Montreal, Port
    Arthur, Winnipeg, Regina, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Vancouver,
    and Victoria.
  • W. Smith, of Darlington, is expecting to win the great
    tournament, and in this he may succeed if he again beats
    Newman. For as regards the rest of the players the handicap
    seems to be all in his favour. Inman, for example,
    would have to score three for every two made by Smith and
    the intermediate players proportionately.
  • In a match at Newcastle for the benefit of J. H. Martin,
    a local professional, W. Smith conceded 200 in 600 to Mr.
    J. D. Johnson, Scottish amateur, who was only allowed the
    opportunity actually to score 91, as Smith, with breaks of
    365 and other good figures, ran to his points in less than an
  • The death has occurred in Edinburgh of T. W. Owens,
    the billiard professional, at the age of 39 years. Owens
    belonged to Heriot, in the Gala Water district, and went to
    Edinburgh as service boy in a billiard-room at the age of
    14. Owens was a champion of Edinburgh and of the East
    of Scotland. He was for some years resident in Glasgow.
  • Charles Roberts, the professional billiard player and a
    well-known teacher and writer on the game, is suffering
    from a nervous breakdown of somewhat long continuance,
    and we are glad to hear that a fund in his behalf has been
    started by The Sporting Life, to whom communications on
    the subject are invited.
  • Apart from the defeat of Inman by Reece, the great feature
    of the play of English professionals visiting Australia
    during the past season has undoubtedly been the consistency
    of Harverson, who won the International Tournament there
    with great ease, gaining each of three of his heats by over
    1.000, and that against Diggle by over 2,000. Harverson’s
    best break in the tournament was 403. As for Diggle he
    has achieved—for him—the extraordinary distinction in
    Australia of going through an entire session against Harverson
    with only three points to his credit, one of which was
    the result of a miss. And in making these three points
    Diggle, who for some strange reason forsook his top-of-the-table
    game and even took to making breaks off the white,
    went to the table six times.
  • Writing to The Billiard Monthly on Aug. 7, 1912, Reece
    said, “You will see that I have at last beaten Inman. Just
    off to New Zealand.” The match referred to was played
    in Sydney and was one of 18,000 up, Reece proving successful
    by 334 points. To an interviewer Reece afterwards said:
    “Inman has always been on my shoulders. He has
    unnerved me, made me anxious and fretful and haunted me
    like a nightmare. Now I have thrown him off and I do not
    think he will beat me again.” Inman put down his defeat
    to the fact that Reece plays better with crystalates than he
    does with ivories, but this view Reece does not agree with.
  • Lindrum brought out his red ball play with great effect
    against Inman in Sydney and beat the English champion
    by 3,609 points in 18,000. Lindrum’s average was 46. and
    Inman’s 36. Lindrum made a break of over 500 and six of
    over 400. Inman’s best was 405.
  • The excellent form shown by T. Aiken in last season’s
    tournament has been maintained in the matches that he has
    since played, and the Scottish champion seems certain to
    put up a good game at Soho Square this winter.
  • Snooker Break of 72 at 16.


  • Jesse James

    In last month’s issue we made
    mention of the remarkable performance
    of young Jesse James, of
    Sheffield, aged 16, in making a
    break of 72 at Snooker on a standard
    table. A few more particulars
    of this boy’s remarkable play
    may be of interest. Since Sept.
    1st, in ordinary short games of billiards,
    he has made breaks of 129,
    149, 109, 149, 186, 121, 132, 110,
    116, 157, 141, and 240. The last
    break is his record on a full-sized
    table. He also played Mr. Marsden,
    a local player, eight games of
    too up, and gave his opponent a
    60 break. In each case he went
    to game on his second visit to the table. Young James is a
    quiet, unassuming lad, and is very popular in the district of
    Sheffield and Chesterfield (where he was born). He is sure
    to make a fine player; in fact, it is his father’s intention to
    bring him out during the approaching season.

  • Because some of his congregation thought “billiards belonged
    to the devil,” and because he was accused of unorthodoxy
    and indiscretions, the Rev. Frank Milnes, Presbyterian
    pastor at Pendleton, Oregon, has tendered his
    resignation. In his farewell sermon he told the congregation
    there would be a billiard table in every home in America
    if he had his way.
  • “The more,” says The Daily Express, “one watches the
    methods of young Taylor, the more one is convinced that he
    is not playing in a style suitable for him. George Gray,
    the Australian marvel, it is true, did wonders with his
    cramped, ungainly stance, but that is no reason why other
    players should imitate him and imagine that it is the only
    style conducive to a successful exposition of billiards.”With this view and criticism The Billiard Monthly entirely
    agrees. Taylor should stand up more to his stroke and also
    abolish his weird method of placing his cue point beyond the
    ball in sighting.
  • So far as we know there has not hitherto been published
    a good book dealing with Snooker Pool alone. “How to
    Play Snooker Pool,” by Wallace Ritchie, has now, however,
    been published by Messrs. Burroughes and Watts, Ltd., Soho
    Square, W., at 1s.
  • A great winner of amateur break competitions seems to
    be Mr. H. Saffer, of Leeds, who has won no fewer than
    thirty-two with breaks amongst others of 189, 135, and 130.
  • As Reece has at last beaten Inman he will probably challenge
    for the championship, but even so he might not even
    meet Inman. For if Stevenson is at home and also challenges,
    Reece would first have to pass Stevenson, which
    would not be an easy task.
  • Stevenson and Gray are, as stated elsewhere, going on to
    India. If Stevenson is back in England in March of
    next year will he challenge for the championship?
    And if he challenges for the championship will the
    change to ivory balls after a season of matches against
    Gray with bonzolines suit him?


Questions and Answers

Speed in Scoring

181.—”Have one hundred points ever been made in five minutes,
or is this impossible? It means something approaching two
points per second.”

Stevenson is credited with having done
this on several occasions, and he was timed on one occasion for
20¼ minutes, during which time he scared 392, although he had
twice to use the long rest. Roberts has exceeded 1,000 points
in 60 minutes, which is also phenomenal.

Breaking Up the Pyramid

182.—”Engaging for the first time in a game of snooker pool
and being asked to break I, much to my surprise, set the room
in a roar by going for the pack and scattering the reds. What
was there so greatly amusing in this, and why should not the
pack be broken up?”

Where snooker players are equally
balanced and equally bad it does not greatly matter what is done
with the pack, but if the player following you had been really
good the conditions would have favoured a useful break, as nearly
all the pockets would be surrounded by reds asking to be put
down. The correct opening move now is a glancing stroke on
the side of the pack disturbing it as little as possible and bringing
the cue ball back to baulk. Formerly the cue ball was played
gently on to the top cushion and back to the base of the pyramid.

This fine contact and retreat to a distance is one of the best safety
moves in snooker and is quite easy to do. It is far better than
attempting almost impossible scores with the probability of
leaving a good game on for the opponent.

The Best Billiard Pose

183.—”Whilst watching young Taylor in the preliminary tournament
at Soho Square, I could not help wondering whether the
crouching attitude, which brings the chin right on to the cue,
is really necessary in order to ensure correct aim. The gentleman
who was seated next to me said that he believed that there was a
great deal in it and that it was really a question of sighting along
the barrel of a gun or firing practically at random. What is your
opinion as to this?”

Roberts and others have made their
breaks of many hundreds whilst retaining an easy and natural
position, and we do not see why other players should not do the
same. The crouching methods imported into horse-racing from
America have not added elegance to the art of equestrianship,
and the new motor-cycle crouch is a thing to shudder at and
abhor. The result to professionals who specialize in this way
may seem to justify the means employed, although we are not
sure that statistics would, in the long run, prove anything conclusive
in their favour. But to amateurs, whether in billiard
playing, horse-racing, or motor-cycle riding, we should certainly
say; Avoid the crouch.

Masse Shots

184.—”I should like you to explain in The Billiard Monthly
how a masse stroke is made.”

A masse shot is played with the
cue held vertically. Some players leave the hand on the front of
the cue in making the stroke and others shift it round with the
knuckles at the back. It is really better to take a lesson from a
professional in the masse stroke, and a half-guinea paid for this
purpose would not be money thrown away. But if the stroke is to
be acquired by one’s-self the first essential is not to be afraid of
it, but to treat it as an ordinary stroke with the player horizontal
instead of the cue. Everything then proceeds in the usual fashion,
screw, side and top included. The best masse bridge is made as
follows: Keep the four fingers and the thumb apart and press
the two middle fingers vertically on the table or cushion. Now
tuck the forefinger beneath the thumb and the result is a perfect
bridge, and the only thing to remember is to press firmly with the
two fingers on the cloth and impart a nice, free, easy motion to
the cue instead of a convulsive prod or jerk.

Coloured Balls in Order at Snooker

185.—”In the billiard room I frequent they have a rule which
I think wrong, and I would be glad if you would kindly settle
the point and insert same in your next issue. In playing at
snooker, if a player pots the last red ball and goes in-off with the
same stroke they allow the next player to take his choice of the
coloured balls, and after potting the one he chooses he takes the
rest in their order as usual. This seems to me wrong. I think
the next player ought to commence with the yellow ball even if
he is snookered from it.”

The next player must take the
yellow. The choice of coloured ball belongs only to a player who
has just properly potted the red, and in the case described the red
was potted, but penalized, and, as there is no red left for the
next player, there is no sequence of red and coloured for him
to make and he must commence to take the coloured balls in
their order.

Keeping Straight Cue with Side

186.—”Is it possible to send the cue straight through the ball
when side is being employed? I always try to do this, but have
not yet succeeded, and I notice that some really great players
seem to give the cue a sideways deflection after making the

The cue should always be delivered perfectly straight,
and this point has, perhaps, as much to do with success in
billiards as any other that can be mentioned. It is difficult to do
always, but the right place for the cue to stop is in the line of
the stroke and to this there is no exception. Even when, in
forcing and in close-cueing strokes, the cue has to be sent up
after contact this should still be done in the exact line of stroke
and everything in the nature of a flourish avoided. Gray, and
now young Taylor, carry the correct idea to an extreme which is,
to our mind, absurd, as they make a separate carry-on action with
the cue to satisfy themselves that they have not deviated in any
way. This sort of thing, however, belongs to the class-room and
the student days, and becomes a mere mannerism apart from it.

When the stroke is made it is made and nothing that can be
done alters it.

Keeping Object Ball Out of Baulk

187.—”There are two strokes that always seem to beat me
in the matter of keeping the object ball in play. When screwing
into a corner pocket with the object ball below mine the object
doubles laterally across the table and rests in baulk, and when
playing a long forcer into a baulk pocket off a ball below the
baulk line such ball invariably returns to baulk. How am I to
prevent this?”

In the first case play more fully and less
strongly. The doubling will then be straighter across the table
and the middle pocket in-off should be left. The other stroke is
concerned, amongst other things, with the fastness of the table.

On a match table the object ball should come out of baulk again,
but on a rather slower table fuller contact, imparting more pace
to the object ball, or rather lower cueing imparting less pace must
be adopted.

The Tournaments, Preliminary and Grand, at Soho Square

Unqualified success has attended the first round of the
preliminary tournament at Soho Square, where the keenest
possible play has been witnessed during the past fortnight,
and where close finishes have been the rule.

As we go to press the first round is just concluded and the
winners are Osborne, Breed, Raynor, Peall, Falkiner, and
Collens, amongst whom the second heat is now being contested
as follows:—

Monday and Tuesday, Osborne v. Breed;
Wednesday and Thursday, Raynor v. Peall; Friday and
Saturday, Falkiner v. Collens.

The results during the first fortnight have been as follow:—

Osborne, 2,000, v. Hoskins, 1,713; Breed, 2,000, v. Tothill,
1,402; Raynor, 2,000, v. Harris, 1,786; Peall, 2,000, v.
Taylor, 539; Falkiner, 2,000, v. Sparrow, 1405; Collens,
2,000, v. Chapman, 1,827.

The quality of the preliminary play on the part of the
winners of the first round may to some extent be judged by
the breaks that have been made. Osborne, playing against
Hoskins, made runs of 111, 105, 133, and 113; Raynor, playing
against Harris, made 159, 105, and 118; Peall, playing
against Taylor, made 235, 111, and 210 unfinished; and
Falkiner, playing against Sparrow, 103, 202, 219. Good
breaks were also made by some of the losers of heats.

The grand tournament, in which the heats will, as usual,
be 9,006 up, will commence on October 28. and play will
commence at 3.0 and 8.15 every day, except Saturday, when
special provisions have been made regarding the time of
play, to ensure, if possible, all matches being played to a
finish. For the first ten sessions play will be limited to
2½ hours, as last year, but in the eleventh session (Saturday
afternoons) the referee has full discretion to extend the
time of play. In any event, play at the final session must
commence at 7.45, and continue to 11.45, if necessary to
ensure a definite result.

Billiard Players in Council

Transmitted Side

To the Editor.

With reference to transmitted and cushion side, as dealt
with in your September number, if billiard balls were perfectly
smooth we could not only impart side, even theoretically,
to an object ball, but we could not put side on the cue
ball, nor, indeed, play billiards at all. On the other hand,
billiard balls are so smooth that, out in the open, they do
not transmit side practically, although theoretically—mathematically—
they do.

But the balls are so rough comparatively, that when one
ball is against a cushion, the cue ball can transmit side—
appreciable side—to it. Again, when your cue ball drives
the object ball on to a cushion, the side resulting is cushion-imparted

As regards friction generally. Put a sheet of polished
glass on part of the billiard table. Put the balls—clean
balls on the glass and push them slightly. There is very
little friction between a clean, well-polished billiard ball and
polished glass. The movements of the balls on the glass
plate are interesting.

H. C. W.

Both Objects in Longitudinal Line at Centre Spot

To the Editor.

Whilst indulging in a little quiet practice the other evening,
the two object balls stopped in the position shown in
sketch, viz., red ball exactly on centre spot, white ball immediately
behind it (touching) and cue ball in hand. For
positional purposes the “leave” was distinctly embarrassing,
for it was very obvious that if the ordinary half-ball
loser off the red was played the resulting position would be a
matter of pure luck, as the coloured ball would be bound
to kiss the white. Well, after deliberating some little time
I decided to play the half-ball loser off the red, and you can
well imagine my surprise when I observed that not only had
I effected the stroke I tried for, but had also potted the red
into a middle pocket by means of a direct kiss off the white.

The position left was a nice balancing cannon from the white
to the red, gathering all three balls at the top.

I relate this little incident in case you should find it of
interest, as I do not recollect having seen this particular
shot illustrated in one of your issues some time back giving
various diagrams of fancy strokes.

It is, of course, as you know, an exceedingly difficult shot
to pot a ball on the centre spot into a middle pocket when
cue ball is in baulk, but with the aid of another ball behind
the object the stroke at once becomes exceedingly simple,
although to lookers-on it appears to be very much the


1, Lloyd’s Avenue, E.C.

Sept. 26, 1912.

[The stroke described is an interesting one and there is
no doubt that it was the game in the peculiar circumstances
described. Even if there was no certainty of the six shot
it would still be the game if played gently as one or other of
the object balls would, in all probability, be playable from
baulk. The explanation of the course taken by the red is,
of course, that it finds itself squeezed between the two
whites at the moment of contact and takes the only way
out.—Ed. B.M.]

Cork Pool and Cork Pool Billiards

As the winter season of billiards is now opening and all phases of the game will be engaged in during the long
evenings in many thousands of homes, we take this opportunity of publishing—as we have several times been
requested to do—the rules of two fascinating variants of the game proper, which are known respectively as Cork
Pool and Coronation Cork Pool Billiards, both of which sets of rules are the copyright of Messrs. Burroughes and
Watts, Ltd., Soho Square, W., from whom any further particulars can be obtained.


This popular game is played by any number of players, with
two balls, a red and a white. A cork is placed on the centre
spot of the table, and on this the pool agreed upon it put; the
red is placed on the billiard spot, and the first person who succeeds
in making a cannon from the red to the cork, striking a cushion
previous to striking the cork, receives the whole pool.

1.—At the commencement of the game the red ball is placed on
the billiard spot, and the cork with the pool agreed on in the
centre of the table.

2 —The order of play is determined by giving out the pool balls
in rotation from a basket, or by numbered counters.

3.—The first players plays from baulk with the white ball, and
each succeeding player from where the white stops; if it is
pocketed the next player plays from baulk.

4.—Each player has only one stroke according to his rotation.

5.—Any player making a cannon receives the whole pool.

6.—A cannon can only be made by striking the red first, then
a cushion, and lastly the cork.

7.—Should any player miss the red, pocket same, touch the
cork, make a cannon on to it without first striking a cushion,
play out of turn, or pocket his own white ball, he must pay the
same stake as at starting, and add it to that already on the cork.

N.B.—The game is frequently played in private circles with a
penalty only for knocking down the cork without striking the red
ball and cushion.


1.—The game of “Coronation Cork-Pool Billiards” is played
by two or more players, either all against all, or in partnership.

The points are 63 or 126 up, including a number.

2.—The three billiard balls are used, a special red and white
cork, and 16 numbers.

3.—When commencing the game, the spot ball is placed on the
right-hand spot of baulk line; the plain on the left, the cork on
the middle spot; and the red on the billiard spot.

4.—The sixteen numbers in a basket are shaken up and given
out, one to each player, first for rotation (lowest first) and then
secretly for play.

5.—A player choosing a ball must, when in hand, play always
from his own spot.

6.—After choosing a ball, the player continues with the same,
if an even number of players; but if an odd number are playing,
with the alternate ball.

7.—The baulk line is protection.

8.—The game scores as at billiards, the cork counting ten
points after striking a ball, but it is of no consequence which ball
knocks the cork down.

9.—If the striker’s ball knocks the cork down without hitting
a ball, he loses eleven points off his score. Should he, after
striking the cork first, hit a ball, he only loses ten points.

10.—Running a coup, giving a miss, or a ball going off the
table counts against the player, and the penalty is taken off his
score; but a player can give an intentional miss, or run a coup,
to suit his own secret number.

11.—A player must make the exact score (63 or 126), including;
his secret number. Going over his number he loses the game,
if two playing or partners; but if all against all the game continues
until a winner is declared.

12.—The cork is replaced where it falls, red part downwards,
but if in any way it is impeded by cushion, ball, or knocked off
the table, it is replaced on its own spot.

13.—If the cork is jammed in any way between table and
cushions, leans against a ball or cushion, or is in any way not
lying perfectly flat on the table, it is considered up, and the
striker does not count the ten points; but the cork, if it cannot
be put up, is placed on its own spot. If the cork is knocked down
and stands up again it is considered up, and remains where it
stands, and the player does not count the ten points.

14.—If any ball or the cork is impeding a striker in placing his
ball on his proper spot, they are moved to their respective spots.

15.—If the red cannot be spotted, the ball or cork occupying the
spot is moved as per Rule 14, and if the ball is the striker’s, he
plays from his own spot.

16.—If the striker is in hand, and his spot is occupied by the
opponent’s ball, that ball is placed, on its own spot, and is not
playable as per Rule 7.

17.—If the striker plays with the wrong ball, and the error is
discovered by the opponent before the next stroke, the score does
not count, but the balls and cork are placed on their respective
spots, and it is left to the opponent to say which player breaks
the balls.

18.—The push and spot strokes are not barred, and the balls
if touching are still playable.

19.—Foul strokes are.—Playing from the wrong spot; touching
a ball, except when in hand; playing out of turn; striking a ball
more than once; playing before the balls have become stationary;
lifting both feet from off the floor; disturbing the cork in any
other way than the proper manner. The penalty is, the striker
cannot score.

20.—A player may demand that an opponent stand a fair distance
out of the line of sight of cork or ball, whilst in the act
of aiming.

A Few Cue Tips

  • It is really less difficult to make a good double or single
    baulk than to make an all-round cannon. The thing to do
    is first to decide over which baulk pocket to leave the red.
  • The stroke now becomes a doubling pool shot and the only
    thing left to do is to apply to the cue ball the amount of
    top or side that is necessary to carry this ball also below
    the line.
  • Quite spectacular shots can be made almost with certainty
    by quite moderate players and one of them at least is distinctly
    useful in a game. The red is, say, on the end of the
    baulk line and the cue ball somewhere in the top quarter of
    the table on the same side. A hard, straight stroke with
    top is almost sure to land the cue ball with a rush into the
    baulk pocket and the probability is that the red will be left
    up the table in good position. A little pocket side helps
    the stroke.
  • In billiards the body position is all important. Watch
    a good player and you will note that he frequently, when the
    stroke is critical, shifts the position of the body rather than
    of the cue. Take a very fine cut, for example. It is useless
    to expect to get this stroke with certainty if the body is in the
    position for a half-ball stroke. If the body is not shifted
    the butt of the cue must be brought nearer to, or further
    from, the body, and this sort of thing quickly ruins the
  • Much more important to billiard playing than any question
    of transmitted side is transmitted force, and in every stroke
    must be remembered that elementary principle in dynamics
    that what one colliding body gains in momentum the
    other loses, and vice-versa. With fuller than half-ball contact
    the object ball gains and the cue ball loses, whilst with
    finer than half-ball contact the object ball travels less after
    contact and the cue ball more.
  • All indifferent position players would double their average
    breaks by rigorous observance of the following essential
    rule: Make no stroke when playing for a cannon or in-off
    without first considering what direction the ball aimed at is
    likely to take, and attempt no pot without first considering
    what direction the cue ball will follow. When the mind and
    eye have become trained in this way decent breaks will
    become usual and habitual and object balls will rarely be
    lost or left safe.
  • With the object balls a few inches apart, one on each side
    of the spot, and the cue ball in hand, two courses are open.
    One is a full screw cannon stunning the cue ball against the
    ball aimed at and bringing the latter back from the bottom
    cushion and the other—not easy—is a fine slow clip on the
    red and a gentle drop back on to the white from the top
    cushion. Try each way a score of times and judge by the
    result which stroke suits you best and leaves the most.
  • To realize the wrong and right manner of aligning the
    cue when applying side place the cue ball on the centre baulk
    spot and align the cue with the baulk line. Now move the
    cue point round a little, without shifting it bodily and
    parallel with the baulk line, and it will be seen at once that
    the ball if struck would travel wide of the end of the baulk
    line. Therefore the way to play side is always to look over
    the centre of the cue ball but to place the whole of the cue
    parallel with the intended line of travel of the ball.


The Billiard Monthly : September, 1912
A Journal of Interest and Value to Amateur Billiard Players
No. 23, September, 1912 Price 1/6 per annum to any part of the world. Single Copies 1d




J. W. COLLENS: Liverpool.
The Billiard Monthly : September, 1912

English Professionals Abroad

The earlier advices indicated that neither the champion (Inman) nor the ex-champion (Stevenson) had been at the top of their form in Australia and South Africa respectively, Inman having failed to hold Williams in their first encounter and Stevenson having been heavily back-marked by Gray. Williams (receiving 1,500) beat Inman by 2,352 in 9,000 up. Reece has been playing well, although defeated by Lindrum, but perhaps the most notable success has been achieved by Harverson, who in his matches with Diggle, whose play has been unsatisfactory, has shone conspicuously. On July 22 Inman and Reece commenced a match which was witnessed by the Governor-General, Lord Denman. At the half-way Inman was 839 behind, but both had been playing well, with such breaks as Inman 584 and Reece 513. Williams has challenged Reece, but Reece said that, owing to his engagements, it would be impossible for him to meet Williams in Australia. He would be willing, however, to play a match in England next season for £100 or £200 a-side, and he would concede Williams a start of 3,000 in 18,000 up. The international tournament arranged between the visiting English professionals and Australian professionals commenced with a match between Harverson and Williams (subsequently replaced—owing to a conflicting agreement— by F. Smith, Jun.), on July 22, Harverson winning easily. Gray, although beaten by Stevenson at Durban by 9,000 to 7,112, seems to have risen in South Africa with bonzoline balls to something like his old form with crystalates. From Johannesburg Stevenson and Gray were to move up to Pretoria, and then to Durban, East London, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, Bloemfontein, and Cape Town, in order named.

The Billiard Monthly : September, 1912

Billiards Seventy Years Ago

The Billiard Monthly is giving from month to month a series of diagrams illustrating what was considered “the game” at billiards in the time of Mr. E. R. Mardon, one of the earliest writers on the subject, and to this old book “B. D.” referred in a recent issue of Country Life. Carr was (writes “B. D.”) the best player in England before the advent of the great Edwin Kentfield, better known as Jonathan, who was “the god of Mr. Mardon’s idolatry.” Kentfield was a great player, more especially on the old tables with list cushions and big pockets, and for a long while was without a peer; but at length a new star appeared in the North, and some under-bred persons who dwelt in Manchester, far from the genteel repose of the subscription rooms at Brighton, began to say that a greater than Kentfield was there. This was John Roberts, the elder. Mr. Mardon had never seen Roberts play, but this made no difference to him, since he argued the question on a priori grounds. The powers of his favourite, he declared, “had gone beyond what even the imagination could embrace,” and “although luminaries may shine forth in other spheres, Mr. Kentfield, the electric light of mine, must, I think, dim their lustre and keep them in the shade.” It is pathetic to find after this spirited outburst that Mr. Mardon, in a later edition, had to change his mind. The tactless Roberts refused to be kept down by the powers of imagination; he came to Brighton and openly demanded a match. “A nobleness of conduct similar to this was not unfortunately in unison with the feelings of Mr. Kentfield.” He took Roberts into a private room, locked the door and began a game for love. It seems doubtful whether either party revealed his real game, but at the end Roberts declared that he could give Kentfield 20 in 100, and reiterated his challenge. The elder man wisely realized that the younger would be too strong for him, and preferred to rest on his laurels. Mr. Mardon has to admit that Roberts is the stronger, and he does so with a sorrowful generosity. Possibly he was the less unwilling because Roberts was stated to have declared that his game had ” benefited and improved by the perusal of Mr. Mardon’s treatise.” What amateur could survive so sweet a piece of flattery from a professional champion? The feats of other great players are to be found in Mr. Mardon’s pages, but the reader searches in vain for any further mention of the defeated Porker. He may have been finally extinguished by that great break, or possibly the conqueror wisely guided his conduct by the doggerel rhyme adorning the wall of Hughes’ billiard-rooms: William Hughes hopes him you’ll excuse For making this observation. When you’ve the best of the game, keep the same; To mention more there can be no occasion. B. D.

A Few Cue Tips

  • In making the gentle cannon off the spotted red at the top of the table, which sends the red to the corner pocket an excellent plan is first to get the aim for the pot and then play a little fuller or finer so as to strike the top or side cushion as required for the next stroke. In this way the red can always be left quite near to the pocket without going in, and the only thing to remember is so to guide the cue ball in making the pot that a cannon or another pot is left on.
  • In playing middle pocket in-offs always take a preliminary glance from centre of top cushion or from top pocket on same side as object ball through the latter. This will at once reveal whether the intended contact would lose ball in top pocket or leave it in an undesirable position. This treating of every in-off as a pot is one of the most remunerative things in billiards.
  • One of the first things to learn in billiards is the exact potentiality of the unhindered and unaccelerated cue. The gentlest of swings at the bottom of the table sends the ball two lengths and when this is realized the forcing of a stroke is at once seen to be an altogether exceptional requirement, so far, at any rate, as the object ball is concerned.
  • One of the common mistakes in billiard playing is always to play half-ball simply because the half-ball stroke is on. Where there is nothing else to consider this is a good principle, but when playing from baulk it is frequently much better to alter the placing of the cue ball for a thicker or finer contact even though it may seem a little more difficult.
  • In the same way a wider than half-ball placing and a forcing or screw shot is often essential to position, although the ordinary half-ball shot is clearly there also.
  • There are many placings of the balls in which the right stroke for position is in every way as easy as the wrong. Take the case of either a fine in-off or a gentle follow-through into a baulk pocket with the cue ball near a side cushion. The thicker stroke leaves perfect middle pocket or drop cannon position, whereas a fine cut would leave the object ball in baulk.
  • The art of securing the drop cannon, which leads to the top of the table from baulk, is worth any amount of practice, and when the red is on the spot, the white a little below a top pocket, and a fine in-off practicable, the drop cannon can nearly always be set up by cutting the white to its necessary position by way of the side cushion.
  • In close cushion cannons, when one object ball is against the cushion and the other situated diagonally a little below with the cue ball a little lower still and in line with the red, care should be taken to get almost full on the first object ball, otherwise an annoying cover will ensue. Similarly when the cue ball is on one side of the other two a fullish contact prevents it from coming to rest between the object balls.
  • Accept a wrong decision at the table rather than let it ruffle you. Equability is a strong billiard asset.

English Professionals Abroad

The earlier advices indicated that neither the champion (Inman) nor the ex-champion (Stevenson) had been at the top of their form in Australia and South Africa respectively, Inman having failed to hold Williams in their first encounter and Stevenson having been heavily back-marked by Gray. Williams (receiving 1,500) beat Inman by 2,352 in 9,000 up. Reece has been playing well, although defeated by Lindrum, but perhaps the most notable success has been achieved by Harverson, who in his matches with Diggle, whose play has been unsatisfactory, has shone conspicuously. On July 22 Inman and Reece commenced a match which was witnessed by the Governor-General, Lord Denman. At the half-way Inman was 839 behind, but both had been playing well, with such breaks as Inman 584 and Reece 513. Williams has challenged Reece, but Reece said that, owing to his engagements, it would be impossible for him to meet Williams in Australia. He would be willing, however, to play a match in England next season for £100 or £200 a-side, and he would concede Williams a start of 3,000 in 18,000 up. The international tournament arranged between the visiting English professionals and Australian professionals commenced with a match between Harverson and Williams (subsequently replaced—owing to a conflicting agreement— by F. Smith, Jun.), on July 22, Harverson winning easily. Gray, although beaten by Stevenson at Durban by 9,000 to 7,112, seems to have risen in South Africa with bonzoline balls to something like his old form with crystalates. From Johannesburg Stevenson and Gray were to move up to Pretoria, and then to Durban, East London, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, Bloemfontein, and Cape Town, in order named.

Jottings of the Month

  • The amateur championship of New South Wales has been
    won by A. G. Fay, who, by the way, equalled Major Fleming’s
    153 red ball break.
  • As W. Smith, of Darlington, will be one of the players
    in the Soho Square £1,000 tournament during the coming
    season, reference to his recent doings becomes of current
    interest. A three days’ billiard match between Smith and
    W. Melrose, of Middlesbrough, concluded at the Castle
    Hotel, Scarborough, on August 24. Smith conceded 1,000
    in a game of 4,000 up, and the final figures were:—Smith
    4.000, Melrose 3,630.
  • The Otley Bench were invited on August 9 to give their
    definition as to what constituted a club. It was during the
    hearing of a case in which Arthur Lewis Burnley was summoned
    for allowing public billiards at Otley without licence.
  • Burnley, it was said, had opened in Otley a billiard saloon
    with four tables. Being informed that he could not get a
    licence until the Brewster Sessions in February, he formed
    what he styled a club, to which persons were admitted to
    full membership on payment of a penny. In fining Burnley
    10s. and costs, the chairman said it must be understood
    that the place must not be used in that way again. It was
    stated that the Club would now be properly formed.
  • Quite an interesting billiard match took place at the West
    Ward Club, Hull, on August 13. The contestants were
    Captain G. Barker and Mr. F. Bellard. Both are old and
    clever exponents of the game, and the large number present
    thoroughly enjoyed the game, which was cleverly won on
    the post by Captain G. Barker. The cup was afterwards
    presented to the winner.
  • On August 14, at the Railway Hotel, Hornsey Rise, Alec
    Brown defeated E. Hoskins in a level return match by 1,000
    to 760. In the previous match at the Tufnell Park Hotel
    Hoskins, who was winner of the Boy Championship in 1906
    and winner of J. P. Mannock’s Second Class Professional
    American Tournament in 1912) won somewhat easily.
  • T. Aiken, Scottish champion, and W. Smith, of Darlington,
    visited Newcastle to play a match on the occasion of
    the opening of a new saloon at the Collingwood Restaurant.
  • A match of 1500 points up, Smith receiving 200 start, was
    played. Aiken scored breaks of 126, 111, 268, and 156, and
    the final scores were: Aiken, 1,500; Smith (200), 1,173.
  • harryTaylor
  • Harry Taylor

    A young Leeds player, named
    Harry Taylor, who has only just
    reached his fifteenth birthday, is
    said by the Yorkshire professional,
    George Nelson, to have already
    made breaks of 453 and 441 with
    ivory balls on a standard table.
    He also ran out with a 300 break
    recently when playing against the
    amateur champion, Mr. Virr.
    Like Gray, his strong feature is
    red-ball play. He was born at
    Bradford, but is now resident at

A Qualifying Billiard Tournament

A project that is likely to be attended by the happiest
results has been matured by Messrs. Burroughes and Watts
in connection with their forthcoming annual £1,000 Professional
Tournament. The famous players already selected
for this tournament, which will commence in October, are
Inman, Diggle, Reece, Aiken, and W. Smith—the last named
being the young Darlington player who “made by
force his merit known” last season by beating George Gray
four times and by making against T. Newman a break of
736, the season’s record for any player with ivory balls.

But there are other “junior” players, so far as either
years or place in the profession is concerned, besides
Smith, and it is in order to encourage these and to give
them an opportunity of displaying their genius or gifts
with the best that the promoters of the Soho Square Tournament
have decided to have a series of qualifying heats,
the winner of which (and possibly the runner-up also) will
enter the classic circle by right of victory.

The draw for this preliminary tournament (which will be
conducted mainly on the “knock-out” principle) is:—

  • Osborne v. Hoskins, September 16 and 17.
  • Breed v. Tothill, September 18 and 19.
  • Raynor v. Harris, September 20 and 21.
  • Peall v. Taylor, September 23 and 24.
  • Sparrow v. Falkiner, September 25 and 26.
  • Chapman v. Collens, September 27 and 28.

Each heat will consist of 2,000 up (500 at each of four
sessions) and play will proceed over a period of five weeks.

To avoid byes the three survivors of the two preliminary
heats will play each other a game of 4,000 points, and to
this extent the American, rather than” the knock-out principle,
will be adopted.

The heats will be contested under B.C.C. rules and ivory
balls will be used.

Questions and Answers

Ivory and Composition Contacts

173.—”Can you please state the relative standard weight of
each set of balls, namely, bonzoline, ivory, and crystalate, and the
difference in contact required in playing the same stroke by each
kind of ball?”

There is no standard as to weight, except that
each ball of a set must weigh the same and be between 2 1/16 in. and
2 3/32 in. in diameter. Crystalate requires a slightly thicker or finer
contact than ivory, and bonzoline a slightly thicker or finer contact
than crystalate, according to the required direction of the object
ball. If it is desired that the object ball shall take the same
direction as an ivory ball would the stroke with compositions
must be played with check side or a great deal of “top,” and with
rather more of it with bonzoline than with crystalate.

Object Ball on Baulk Line and Object Balls Touching

174.—”When playing out of hand and the object white is on
the baulk line, but playable, and the red in baulk, can play be
made at the inside of the object white to effect a cannon. Also,
when cue ball and object ball are touching the balls are spotted.
Does this apply if two object balls are touching, or can they
be played at?”

They can be played at. The answer to the
first question is also in the affirmative.

Concerning Cue Tips

175.—”I should be obliged if you will tell me what shape the
cue tip should be, and should it be kept rough by using glasspaper
or be somewhat hard and smooth?”

Tips become rather
flatter and a little harder in use and are then at their best. Sand
paper should never be used, but a little tapping with a file
roughens the surface a trifle and removes chalk and grease. The
great thing in the care of the tip is to chalk very little, but at
regular and frequent intervals. Just one turn of the cue is
enough. The art of scientific cue tip chalking and attention is
one that professionals regard as vital, but that ordinary amateurs
rarely trouble about. Hence many irritating miscues in the course
of promising breaks. The new self-sticking cue tips, combined
with file and clamp, cannot be too highly spoken of.

Next Ball to Play on in Snooker

176.—”A player potted the last red ball left on the table at
snooker and in the same stroke he potted the green. Has the
next player his choice, or must he play on the yellow ball?”

He must play on the yellow. The choice only belongs to the
player who has previously put down the last red, and in this case
the opportunity had been sacrificed by the foul stroke.

Getting All the “Leaves.”

177.—”Is there any accounting for the fact that, when I am
playing with certain players, I get wretched leaves and have the
further mortification of always leaving something easy—especially
half-ball in-offs—for my opponent?”

It is all a question of
confident play or the reverse. The good leaves always go to the
player who is having a good time, and you may be sure that
the players who beat you in this way are your superiors either in
play or temperament. We gather that, as a matter of fact, you
also get good leaves and leave bad ones when playing with certain
opponents, and the cure for all is to play confidently. If you feel
the” dry rot “creeping in at any time, bang the balls, or resort
to safety, or do anything rather than become discouraged and
demoralized, as this can only result in making a bad case worse.

Potting Ball Into Middle Pocket

178.—”The straight pot from the end spot in baulk into the
middle pocket on the same side of the table nearly always baffles
me. Can you give me any hint in this direction?”

It baffles
even the best of players at times and the reason is not far to
seek. Make a chalk line from the baulk spot to the pocket and
place the red ball on the end of this line. Now look over the
centre of the cue ball to the object ball and note the exceedingly
small error for margin that there is, and it will at once be apparent
to you that unless the cue and the two balls are in
absolute alignment when the stroke is made failure can only
result. The stroke is both easier and better for position when the
red is a shade out of the straight line towards the centre of the
table, as the cue ball need not now follow in, even with a plain
stroke, and the succeeding in-off from the spot is duly provided

How to Play for Position

179.—”I have read a great deal in The Billiard Monthly and
other papers about always playing for position, getting on the
right side of both balls in making cannons, leaving an easy stroke
to follow, etc., but when I am actually playing and trying to
arrange everything to a nicety I seem to play worse than ever.
Is not there some simple position rule that even a comparative
beginner like myself can profit by?”

There is no general rule.

Your game must be gradually built up as that of other players
has been. At the same time, you will do well to remember the
prime importance of guiding the red ball near to a pocket in
making a stroke and especially to a top pocket. The value of
this is obvious: Either a pot or in-off will most likely be left with
the red ball, and with something else to follow unless the pot or
in-off is very badly played. There is, for example, one position
from which nine points at least should be scored, even by a very
moderate player, every time it turns up. The red is almost close
to a top pocket and the white a little lower down across the table.

If the red is now potted with a shade of side the cue ball is left
by the upper shoulder of the pocket, whence it finds its way off
the spotted red into the opposite corner pocket and then off the
red into the middle pocket. This is, of course, A.B.C. to most
players, and yet so obvious an opportunity is constantly missed or

Outdoor Billiards

180.—”I see that the question of open-air billiards has been
mooted as a holiday question, and it has been suggested that
if a table cannot be advantageously put up in a garden on account
of weather conditions, it might at least be placed beneath a well sheltered
balcony. But how about the cloth?”

The idea is,
of course, impracticable from the point of view of the expert
player, but there might be occasions on which a decent game
might be obtainable—during such a summer as last, for example,
but certainly not during a season like the present one. Atmospheric
conditions have an enormous influence on the cloth of a
billiard table, and even inside a house may make the play as
different in damp weather, where sufficient ironing has not been
resorted to, as croquet is on the lawn after heavy rain as compared
with hard ground. Speaking of croquet, we may say that,
in our opinion, this pastime is at present the best outdoor substitute
for billiards, and it is possible that some compromise between
billiards and croquet to be played on a hard ground surface might
yet be devised.

Records at Snooker Pool

The remarkable performance is mentioned by The Sheffield
Telegraph of August 19, of Jesse James, aged 16, who
is employed at the Howard Billiard Saloon, Chapel Walk, Sheffield, and who made a break of 70 at snooker in a
game with a local player. The Sheffield Telegraph adds:
As the world record stands at 72, the performance is a
very remarkable one, especially as being made by a boy on
a full-size table.”

The professional Snooker break record is 73, and this
figure stands to the credit both of John Roberts and James
Harris. But the head marker at the Grand Hotel, Bristol,
made 83 in October 1909 and the Manager of the Clarendon Hotel, Nottingham, 87 at about the same time.

Roberts and Newman in Canada

Advices received by the Billiard Monthly on August 31
just as we are going to press state that John Roberts, Mrs.

Roberts, and T. Newman are all well and were departing
from Vancouver for China and subsequently India, on September 3rd.

Amongst recent match results between Roberts and
Newman have been the following: At Port Arthur; Newman
(rec. 75) 750. v. Roberts 539; at Winnipeg, Newman
won two out of three matches of 3,000 up, and in another
match, of 750, receiving 75, won by 19; at Saskatoon, in two
matches, with the same handicap, the figures were: Roberts
750, v. N e w m a n 739, and Newman 750, v Roberts 353; at
Regina Newman 750, and 750 v. Roberts 710 and 526; at
Edmonton, Newman 750 v. Roberts 582.

Temperance Billiard Halls

Writing in The Yorkshire Evening Post, George Nelson,
the Yorkshire billiard professional, says:—

“In the last ten years there has come a greater change
in the game even than in the conditions of play. Despite
the bad name it got there were men wise enough to see
that it was not so much the game that was at fault as its
surroundings. A few of the churches and chapels had
ministers bold enough to put billiard tables in their institutes.

They had much opposition to face, but they proved
a success.

I remember one minister, who boldly told his church wardens
that the game was of such high character that
though it could not be withheld from the wicked it deserved
a place in the home of the good. To-day there are over
100 billiard tables in church and chapel institutes in Leeds

An even greater advancement has been made by the
temperance billiard hall movement. Twelve years ago there
was but one small establishment of this kind in Leeds, but
to-day there is one with 45 full-size tables, whilst there are
many others with from 4 to 14 tables. Yet Leeds is much
behind such towns as Glasgow, Manchester, etc., in this
matter. Wakefield is shortly to have a room with 25 to
30 tables. Another with 20 tables is to be opened next
month in Halifax. Batley also is to have a billiard hall
within the next three months. Everywhere there is greater
addition to billiards.

The merits of these halls are that you can generally
get a good table at a very cheap rate, and that no gambling
is allowed. The man who used to play billiards 20 years
ago, and has not been inside one of these establishments
can hardly realize what they are like. I once heard the
remark that a lot of markers must be needed for 45 tables.

But markers are not expected, or required, in such establishments,
and one man looks after from 8 to 12 tables.

That these rooms really fill a social need for the young
men of the day seems without question.

I have instances of certain districts where gangs of
young fellows perambulated the streets, and got into all
kinds of mischief, and boys developed into out-and-out
hooligans for want of something better to do. Then came
the temperance billiard hall, in which on most winter nights
you would find a hundred or more of youths sitting round
whilst those who could afford it played.

A certain amount of discipline had to be enforced,
and the youths were taught to behave themselves. Surely
that is much better than the streets. Anyhow, the police
in these districts say that their work is much lighter and
easier since the billiard halls opened.

I hear it said that youths are tempted into spending
too much money on the game. Well, it might be better for
some of them if they spent it, say, on warmer clothing,
but, on the other hand, there are many worse ways in which
they can spend their cash. One of the duties of the manager
of such establishments is to see that no youth spends too
much on billiards. It is a duty, too, fairly well carried out,
for it is very much to the interest of the proprietors to
guard against abuse. Otherwise, he is asking for trouble
with the police, who have power to shut his place up
without appeal to any authority.”


The Billiard Monthly : August, 1912

Things That Matter in Billiards


When the eye has become accustomed in billiard playing
to the required angles of divergence of the balls after ball
or cushion contact, and when the mind has grasped the
degrees of contact and power—sometimes accompanied by
enhanced horizontal, vertical, or diagonal rotation of the
cue ball by the application of side that are necessary to
produce the required divergence, little remains to be done
by the cueist beyond that nice adjustment of “strength”
which is essential if all other knowledge and ability are not
to be neutralized and spoiled.

“Strength” really resolves itself into “swing” and in all
strokes except stun, stab, and masse, into free swing; and
probably the best first lesson that a billiard student could
take would be to seat himself for ten minutes in front of a
clock and note the rhythmic and flowing action of its pendulum—
regular, unfettered, and unhurried. Imagining the
right-hand swing of the pendulum to represent the withdrawal
of the cue from the ball and the left-hand swing to
represent the cue swing at the moment of contact, the
student has only to remember that the final forward swing
should be slightly accentuated and the cue held quite horizontally,
and he will have absorbed an extremely valuable
elementary lesson which thousands of players go through
the whole of their billiard life without acquiring or even
dreaming of.

There is no game played with a stationary ball in which
this easy and sensitive swing is not vital. It is the same
in golf, croquet, and hockey, as it is in billiards. The
golfer who swings in his drive instead of striking sends
the ball much farther with half the exertion of the mere
“thrasher,” and exactly the same thing applies to croquet
and to hockey. We are not sure that it does not also apply
to cricket, tennis, and rackets, and that that comfortable
feeling experienced when the ball is returned smoothly and
sweetly off the bat, instead of making its impact felt in an
unpleasant vibration, is not referable to the same source.

In billiards another excellent effect is produced by the cue
swing, which is delightful to note and experience. Not
only does the cue ball under these conditions go on its
mission freely and sweetly, but the object ball against which
it is directed does the same. This is illustrated in a remarkable
manner by the long loser, especially when there is, in
addition to the proper swing of the cue, just a modicum of
top on the cue ball. Two players shall be put to this
stroke, the one flogging the ball and the other restraining
his force but preserving an easy and even cue swing, and
the result will be that, whilst, in the one case, the object
ball lags in a dull, heavy way, in the other it springs from
cushion to cushion as though invested with life and sensibility.

The theory of the swing, as gathered from the pendulum,
is that the ball is swept away the moment the pendulum.

(which in the billiard player’s case is the forearm) becomes
vertical and that the pendulum then proceeds just as far forward
as it had previously been drawn back. Gray has a
way of sending the cue much farther beyond the ball than
he has previously drawn it back and in our judgment this
is a mannerism and a mistake, due to an unnecessary
elaboration and extension of early instructions, which in
themselves were quite right. Indeed, he gives to the forward
action of the cue two distinct impulses, the second
beginning as the other ends. This, of course, does no harm,
as the actual stroke is already completed, and it is certainly
better to carry the cue even farther forward than is necessary
to maintain its flow and straight alignment than not
to carry it far enough.

In addition to the easy and free swing of the cue there is
another vital factor, and that is the looseness or tightness
with which the fingers of the player supply the necessary
pivoting connection. Except in the comparatively rare
instances in which a somewhat heavy handling of the cue
assists in certain effects, there should be no pressure of the
fingers or hand upon the cue whatever, or cue swing and
stroke will be at once spoiled. Perhaps the best way to
experiment in this direction is to place the object ball on
the centre baulk spot and make a chalk mark at equal distances
behind and before it. What has now to be done is
to let the cue lie in a loop formed of the thumb and forefinger
and deliver a gently swinging stroke from chalk mark
to chalk mark without touching the sides of the cue with the
thumb and finger at all. There will be an instantaneous
reward for this class of practice and experiment in the
delightfully easy and resilient way in which both balls will
speed along after the minutest expenditure of energy on the
part of the striker.

The Billiard Monthly : August, 1912

Questions and Answers

Ball on Cushion Rail

163.—”Spot ball strikes red and bounds on to cushion between
cloth and mahogany and runs down the cushion and finally lands
in bottom pocket. What is scored by pocket, or is ball forced
from table and scores to plain? Does plain play next at red only,
or are the balls spotted and broken?”

The score is made if a
ball runs along the rail and enters a pocket or cannons, but
if it remains stationary on the rail it is regarded as forced off the
table and Rule XII. (B.A.) and Rule 4, clause d (B.C.C.) come
into operation. This also answers a similar question by “Housekeeper.”

Introduction of Snooker Pool

164.—”Would you be good enough to inform me the year and
date, if possible, when snooker pool was first introduced and
played in England?”

The game of snooker pool was first
introduced some twenty years ago.

Changing the D

165.—”When the D is changed from one end of the table to
the other is it customary to continue brushing the table the same
way or to change and brush from bottom to top?”

brush with the nap of the cloth.

Penalty for Fouls

166.—”When a foul has occurred, what is the usual course,
viz., has the opponent any claim to have red spotted and white
spotted on centre spot?”

White is spotted on centre and red at
top after a foul except in one or two cases specified in the rules,
in which the next striker can choose whether (a) the balls be
spotted, or (b) whether he resumes from the position left.

Numbering of Pockets and Cushions

167.—”In calling out the number of a pocket is it correct
to call the pocket on the right at the D end No. 1 and the pocket
on the left No. 6?”

The cushions and pockets are numbered
from the left hand standing at the baulk end. Thus the bottom
left-hand pocket and the bottom cushion are No. 1.

Using Judgment

168.—”In the strokes that come between the natural angle
and the right angle, are screw, stun, or forcing strokes the
better play?”

As we have so often said, it is all a question of
the position desired for the next stroke. When a shot cap be
obtained in three different ways two questions naturally arise:
(1) Which is the easiest? and (2) Which is the best? Advanced
players first decide what position they want next and make such
contact or use such compensation as is required to leave them
what they desire.

Resuming Unfinished Game

169.—”An incident occurred in our billiard room recently in a
handicap game. I (the marker) came in and called closing time,
and the two gentlemen who were playing had not finished their
game. I let them go on a little longer till I had to stop them.
One gentleman’s score was 94 and the other 59 in a hundred up,
and instead of marking the places where the balls stopped, I was
in such a hurry to get the gentlemen out that I knocked the
balls into the pockets. I should like to know what I ought to do.
The players cannot agree over it. The leader wants to start as
they finished, making him want six for game, and the other
wants to play the game over again. What should really be

The game should be finished either by placing the
balls as nearly as possible where they were (if both players agree)
or by placing the red on spot, the next striker’s ball in the D,
and the other ball on the centre spot.

Scientific Practice

170.—”Could you tell me where I can get a good book on top-of-the-table play? I have been playing billiards about one year
and six months and have made 40 and 50 breaks; and I often
make 40 by losing hazard play. I average about two hours’
practice a day. Could you tell me if I am progressing all right?
I love billiards, and I get up at early hours of the morning to
play and I wish I could play all day. I have scored 300 and over
400 in an hour against people.”

“The Top-of-the-Table
Game,” by Stevenson, is published at 1s., and you can obtain it
from Messrs. Burroughes and Watts, Ltd., Soho Square, W.

You seem to be doing very well indeed, but should avoid trying to
score quickly by means of short breaks. The great secret of
position play is to think first where the object ball will be left
when playing in-offs and where the cue ball will be left when potting.

If such position would be unfavourable if the immediate
stroke were played as intended the in-off or pot must be made
by some slight variation, of which there are generally several to
choose from.

Potting at Sight

171.—”Potting is my bugbear and I should be glad if you
could kindly help me. I see players potting balls from all sorts
of angles without even looking at the pocket, and I cannot
imagine how it is done.”

Although such players may not seem
to look at the pocket, they have it in their eye all the same, and
they draw a rapid imaginary line from the open part—which is
all that they see—through the object ball and then note whether
the point at which the line comes out is more or less than a
quarter diameter from the centre as viewed over the centre of the
cue ball. If more the aim is thicker than half-ball and if less
it is finer. The intermediate aims (except the half-ball) are a
matter of judgment, although they range either by half inches
or quarter inches.

Cushion Cannons

172.—”I can judge cushion cannons pretty well when the object
ball is some distance from the cushion, but when it is near or
close to the cushion I find it more difficult and the stroke often
beats me. Is there any special way of doing these?”

If the
first object ball is banked against the cushion the kiss has, of
course, to be allowed for in fuller than half-ball contacts. Otherwise
it is better to disregard the cushion altogether and judge
the angle from the point beyond it which would form the apex
of a triangle. You then know what contact is needed and
whether side is, or is not, required. The best place to practise
this stroke is with the red on the spot and the white near the top
cushion above it.

The Billiard Monthly : August, 1912

Lindrum on His British Tour

Interviewed on his return to Australia, Lindrum said that
generally he had a most enjoyable time in England, despite
the extreme cold, which so affected his touch that it was
only on rare occasions he felt like being able to hit a ball
truly, and big breaks were out of the question.

“I took part (he added) in 11 games during the tour,
defeating Reece twice, Collins twice, Pearson, and Harris,
but was beaten by Aiken two out of the three games we
played, the odd game being a draw. Inman and Harverson
also defeated me, the latter just previously to my departure.

“I did not play the red ball as a scoring medium to any
great extent, except in my games with Reece and Collins,
against whom I made breaks of 584 and 582. In those
games I had fast tables, while most of the other tables were
altogether too slow for red-ball play.

“I could not induce Gray to meet me, and as that was
the main reason of my visit to England, I was greatly disappointed.

However, I saw him play Stevenson, and think
he has improved since leaving Australia, and now stands
out as the greatest scoring force in the world with the red
ball. In all-round play he has made little improvement,
his stand at the table being against progression.

“Inman now holds the championship of England under
both the Billiard Association and Billiards Control Club
rules, and fully deserves the title. He has greatly improved
in every respect since his last visit to Australia, and is at
the present time the best of the English players. When I
met him Inman showed excellent form during the two
weeks of icy-cold weather and storms which almost froze
one up, and made good billiards, so far as I was concerned,

“Both Diggle and Harverson are fine players, the former
especially, although most unconventional in his methods.

“Reece played exceptionally well early in the season, but
fell away considerably during the month of April, for not
only did Inman easily defeat him in the championship, but
Harverson did likewise in the London tournament. The
table used in the championship match was an exceptionally
fast one, and its pace made it very difficult for Reece to hold
position for close cannon play, which is the back-bone of his

“Aiken, the Scotch champion, performed excellently
against me in his own country, and in one top of the table
break, at Edinburgh, of 482, he only went to hand twice.

“Although composition balls are being well advertised,
most of the public rooms still retain ivory balls. Many of
those I saw were unsatisfactory, being all shapes and sizes,
the wonder being that breaks are made with them.

“I saw two of England’s best amateurs play—Mr. H. A.
O. Lonsdale and Major Fleming—but neither of them was
in the same class as our Mr. J. B. Belfield, either in knowledge
of the game, style, or execution. In fact, the majority
of amateur players in the old country did not appear to
be up to the Australian standard.

“Public patronage of billiards in England is not so good
as I expected. I was well treated by both players and the
public, and shall not readily forget the great reception
accorded me by a number of Australian students at Edinburgh.

But the weather—we only had nine hours’ sunshine
in 13 weeks at one stretch—put a damper on one’s feelings,
and made me long for Australia’s sunshine.

“I frequently saw Miss Ruby Roberts, the world’s lady
champion billiardist. She has improved her billiards considerably,
and made a 222 break just previously to my leaving

The Billiard Monthly : August, 1912

Jottings of the Month

  • T. Aiken, the Scottish champion, played an exhibition
    game with J. Manson, a local amateur, in the Imperial
    Hotel, North Berwick, Aiken conceding 400 of a start in a
    match of 800 up. The Scottish champion won by 310
    points, the scores being:—Aiken, 800; Mason, 490. Aiken
    gave a capital display, including a very fine break of 339,
    chiefly by top-of-the-table play.
  • The final heat in the Navy and Army annual billiard
    championship was decided at Messrs. Thurston’s, Leicester
    Square, on July 6, when the holder, Private Thomas (1st
    Leicester Regiment) beat Battery Sergeant-Major Wark
    (R.F.A.) by 365 points. In addition to a brilliant break of
    146, the record for the competition, Thomas made runs of
    49, 39, 77, and 29 (twice). Final scores.—Private Thomas,
    1,000; Battery Sergeant-Major Wark, 635.
  • Mr. Thomas Nicholson won the silver amateur championship
    cup at the Lemington Social Club (Newcastle) billiard
    tournament, out of 210 competitors.
  • In Australia, in answer to an interviewer on red ball play,
    Harverson has made the novel suggestion of a small D
    inside the large one, to be used for every 26th stroke. He
    added: “But the game is all right as it is”—an opinion
    with which Diggle agreed.
  • The police have issued an order to prohibit billiard handicaps,
    sweepstakes, raffles, and all forms of gambling for
    money or money’s worth at all licensed houses in the county
    of Flint. The Flint police cannot know much about billiards,
    if they class it, as a matter of chance, with sweepstakes
    and raffles.
  • At the distribution of prizes in connection with the billiard
    and snooker handicaps held under the auspices of the Stock
    Exchange Billiard Association, in addition to the prizes and
    winners, as already announced, a prize was awarded to Mr.
    Arthur Morris for the best break among competitors receiving
    points, viz., 38, and Mr. E. Henderson was awarded
    one for a break of 41 in the list of players owing points.
    Mr. Morris was also presented with a prize for the best
    break in the final of the billiard handicap.
  • At the Constitutional Club at Congleton Mr. Tom Barlow,
    made a break or 245, while playing a game with Mr. S.
  • At the Darlington Junior Unionist Club, on July 17, W.
    Smith, the popular young professional cueist, was the recipient
    of a set of ivory balls and two cues in a case from
    Messrs. Burroughes and Watts to mark his fine performance
    in his match with Newman at the end of last season
    at the Soho Square Salon.
  • As Australian billiards is to the fore just now we may
    mention that the executive of the Victorian Amateur Association
    for 1912 is as follows:—President, Mr. H. D.
    Meakin I.S.O.; vice-presidents, Messrs. Henry Cave, Alexander
    Campbell, James Davies, A. E. Johns, and C. E.
    Joliffe; committee, Messrs. J. C. Dillon, J. Basto, H. R.
    Hamer, C. J. Lane, J. G. Pearson, E. S. Raphael, D.
    Robertson, and Dr. F. S. J. Latham; hon. treasurer, Mr.
    W. McBean; hon. secretary, Mr. J. E. Barlow.
  • Mr. James Samuel Burroughes, of The Homestead, Seaford,
    Sussex, chairman and managing director of Messrs.
    Burroughes and Watts, Ltd., billiard table makers, and who
    died in January last, aged 71, left estate of the gross value
    of £90,050, with net personalty £65,725.
  • The committee of the Billiard Professionals’ Association
    are interesting themselves on behalf of the family of the
    late Mr. Laurie Fraser. Business reverses severely crippled
    Mr. Fraser’s resources during the last three or four years
    of his life, and now his family are in urgent need of financial
    assistance. Subscriptions may be sent to Mr. G. Axtell.
    either to the offices of the Association, 148, Fleet Street,
    E.C, or to his private address, 18, Linom Road, Clapham.
    Meantime an old friend of Laurie’s—Mr. Mark Gilbert—
    is carrying on the business of the deceased at the old address
    —9, Denmark Street, Charing Cross Road, W.C.—for the
    benefit of the family, and of the staff that worked so loyally
    under the late Mr. Fraser.

The Billiard Monthly : August, 1912
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Who was George Gray’s first season’s manager.